The largest full moon of 2013, a so-called “supermoon,” will light up the night sky this weekend, but there’s more to this lunar delight than meets the eye.
On Sunday, June 23, at 7 a.m. EDT (1100 GMT), the moon will arrive at perigee — the point in its orbit bringing it closest to Earth), a distance of 221,824 miles (356,991 kilometers). Now the moon typically reaches perigee once each month (and on some occasions twice), with their respective distances to Earth varying by 3 percent.
But Sunday’s lunar perigee will be the moon’s closest to Earth of 2013. And 32 minutes later, the moon will officially turn full. The close timing of the moon’s perigee and its full phase are what will bring about the biggest full moon of the year, a celestial event popularly defined by some as a “supermoon.”
The term “supermoon” is notastronomical, but originated in modern astrology. The association of the Moon with both oceanic and crustal tides has led to claims that the supermoon phenomenon may be associated with increased risk of events such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. However, the evidence of such a link is widely held to be unconvincing
The March 19, 2011 supermoon was 221,566 miles (356,577 kilometers) away from Earth. The last time the full moon approached so close to Earth was in 1993. It was about 20 percent brighter and 15 percent bigger than a regular full moon.
A supermoon is the coincidence of a full moon or a new moon with the closest approach the Moon makes to the Earth on its elliptical orbit, resulting in the largest apparent size of the moon’s disk as seen from Earth. The technical name is theperigee-syzygy of the Earth-Moon-Sun system. The term “supermoon” is notastronomical, but originated in modern astrology. The association of the Moon with both oceanic and crustal tides has led to claims that the supermoon phenomenon may be associated with increased risk of events such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. However, the evidence of such a link is widely held to be unconvincing.
The next occurrence will be on 23 June 2013. This full moon will not be only the closest and largest full moon of the year. It also presents the moon’s closest encounter with Earth for all of 2013. The moon will not be so close again until August 10, 2014.
Usually the variation of the moon’s distance is not readily apparent to observers viewing the moon directly.
Or is it?
When the perigee moon lies close to the horizon it can appear absolutely enormous. That is when the famous “moon illusion” combines with reality to produce a truly stunning view. For reasons not fully understood by astronomers or psychologists, a low-hanging moon looks incredibly large when hovering near to trees, buildings and other foreground objects. The fact that the moon will be much closer than usual this weekend will only serve to amplify this strange effect.
So a perigee moon, either rising in the east at sunset or dropping down in the west at sunrise might seem to make the moon appear so close that it almost appears that you could touch it. You can check this out for yourself by first noting the times for moonrise and moonset for your area by going to this website of moonrise times by the U.S. Navy Oceanography Portal.
Editor’s note: If you snap an amazing photo of the Sunday Supermoon and you’d like to share it for a possible story or image gallery on SPACE.com, please send images and comments, including equipment used, to managing editor Tariq Malik at email@example.com.
Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York’s Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for Natural History magazine, the Farmer’s Almanac and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, N.Y. Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and Google+. Original article onSPACE.com.
English: A sinkhole in Oman Deutsch: Eine Doline im Oman (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
I’m not going to write about the mechanism by which we ingest food. I want to spend a little bit of time writing about the earth opening up and swallowing us mere mortals. I feel so bad for the family that lost their son and brother down a sinkhole in Florida.
Sinkholes are one of the biggest fears my home town of McAlester Oklahoma has due to all of the mining that went on during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. The majority of the area has mine shafts running underneath. If one has occurred, I am not aware of it at this point in time.
I remember as a child seeing pictures of a house in Alaska in which the ground opened up and the entire house went down into a very big hole. You could at least see the roof. That was due to an earthquake. I think it was the late 1950,s when it happened. Growing up in California I was not surprised when the side of the road fell off due to the ground giving way because of so much rain.
The Bible even tells us in Numbers 16:32 KJV: “And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that [appertained] unto Korah, and all [their] goods.” From that verse it sounds like the earth was opening up and swallowing people and things back then. Science tells us that sinkholes are very common when the foundation underneath the dirt is limestone and it washes away over time. That’s a very non scientific interpretation of an action that can take thousands of years.
Some sinkholes are caused by nature, but many more are caused by man’s activity.
Disturbance of the soil – digging through soil layers, soil removal, drilling
Point-source of water – leaking water/sewer pipes, injection of water
Concentration of water flow – storm water drains, swales, etc.
Water impoundments – basins, ponds, dams
Heavy loads on the surface – structures, equipment
Vibration – traffic, blasting
So as with most of our other problems we are contributing to them in a major way. Is there anything we can do to help ourselves? The obvious would be not to build houses over limestone, and stop doing everything I’ve listed above. Somehow I just don’t see that happening. I think most of us will stay oblivious to what is going on underground. I know I don’t think about the ground dropping out from underneath me, do you?
Equatorial African waters lives a terrible monster in appearance. It is not the dreaded crocodile, hippopotamus redoubtable either. It’s a fish. Yes, you read right, a fish. There is some momentum shark African rivers upstream courses, obviously, nor any Amazonian piranhas. Is none other than Goliath tiger fish. A real beast of water you need to see it once to understand who the uncrowned king of all freshwater fish predators. A nightmare with fangs unseen but became the most coveted catch fishermen specializing in raptors. He became a living legend and the most famous fishermen in the world go through thousands of kilometers to the heart of Africa for a photo collection alongside dinosaur carnivore fish with jaws
Armed to the teeth
” I wrote white on black, and remain today the same: giant tiger fish in Africa is the most fearsome freshwater fish that currently exists . ”
LJ McCormick, one of the largest predator anglers in the world.
The most coveted trophy for all predator anglers in the world, is truly a legendary fish that lives up to its reputation.
In Africa live 5 species belonging to the genus Hydrocynus the most maredintre them, obviously named after the biblical character who was defeated to become King David. If Hydrocynus to analyze the significance of gender, discovered that the ancient Greek hydro means water. And cynus -dog. Considering the shape of the head, and huge fangs, the name makes sense. With the addition that the tiger fish is anything but man’s best friend, Goliath tiger fish … the species Hydrocynus goliath and is the largest representative of the genus.
All species have fangs rugged and has one or more longitudinal stripes. Typical appearance, stripes, and especially highly aggressive behavior contributed to the tiger fish name, given by the first European explorers who encountered.
Goliath lives exclusively in the Congo Basin, Lualaba Lake and Lake Tanganyka and Upemba waters. fish is not only impressive appearance, but also in size.
The record was achieved with a copy which reached a length of 152 centimeters and weight of 69 pounds!
It is the only freshwater fish with the status of piscivor dangerous to humans! Those who ventured to catch him, confess that lived emotions experienced hunters asemănătoate those who started after a leopard, bear, lion or other type of carnivore that can return at any time against his pursuers, becoming man the hunter, hunted!
Fish that hunt crocodiles
Despite its unforgettable appearance is a little known fish.Outside Africa, the only ones who heard him are specialists ichthyologists, fish collectors of rare species and predator anglers obvious.
Species is somewhat isolated in central Africa, an area not well known even today. Most live on courses Goliath Tiger Fish Congo, the second longest river in the world after the Amazon, taking into account the volume of water flow and transport.
We must remember that giant Congo is still the deepest river in the world, detail crucial for tiger fish. With depths reaching 230 feet even, Goliath-toothed dinosaur site gets a perfect habitat where spurting invisible and fatal to its victims. fact, this species prefers waters stormy, turbulent, where smaller fish submit struggling against the current, being less attentive to the presence of predators.
His vision is excellent and based on the ability to feel low frequency vibrations emitted by potential prey. His body is very muscular and strong and wide tail allows even the most massive examples spurting in unexpected bursts of speed. Are ambush predators and early dissection specimens revealed the existence of internal sac react to tiny vibrations in the water and put the fish tiger alert to any movement near him.
Has a particularly violent attack. Goliath tiger fish swim in large circles around the prey, after a brutal hit with the force of a sledgehammer. Prada dizzy is then hacked his bite. In one case a Goliath tiger fish cut in two with one bite one African catfish of 30 pounds.
And this is not its only performance. Locals claim that large tiger fish are the only fish in African waters is not at all afraid of crocodiles. Moreover, tiger fish are not shy to devour smaller crocodiles …
The exact duration of life in the wild, but in captivity living conditions between 10-15 years.
Tiger fish were officially classified as a species of special interest fishing International Game Fish Association by. For fishermen profiled on predators have earned the reputation of some of the best fighters of all species of freshwater fish.
Their meat apparently tastes good, although it is high in fat and has many bones last detail saved from extinction in an Africa facing food scarcity, environmental destruction and population explosion.
Mbenga, as they called the natives, is a great attraction for fishing so that specialized companies offering fishing expeditions ravenous fans all over the world. In recent years, tiger fish have been devoted to articles, books, and even films.
Keen fisherman an expedition that will make existence, must obtain a visa Congo about four months before departure to Africa.
Necessarily need to be vaccinated against yellow fever, hepatitis A and B, to carry malaria tablets and solutions against tetanus.You do not have to miss any antibiotics in case of dysentery, a lotion for sun (it is recommended protection factor 30), and the most effective pills or sprays against mosquitoes. Besides strict movement and organization costs, firms subject suggests that the fisherman has to have the minimum amount of $ 1.500 for “contingency”.
Fisheries Act itself raises adrenaline quotas for fishermen unsuspected not so far been dealing with such beasts with scales.
African water monster has a set of jaws furnished with enormous tusks, thick, solid and well embedded in the jaw. Not only his teeth reach the dimensions of sharks, fish nightmare but is not afraid to attack fishermen once caught. There are also some grim stories about kids murdered while he was bathing …
Jeremy Wade, the famous documentary filmmaker most impressive freshwater fish, undertook an expedition to capture a specimen Goliath tiger fish capital. His stories are more than enlightening:
” Fish is like a giant piraha. Briefly, it is a nightmare beast. teeth are incredibly sharp and his were the same length as those of a white shark. has also very strong bite, does not hesitate to attack humans and even pieces of flesh flies crocodiles. these is thought that these fish attack appears as a reflex response to any sudden movement in the water. Capturing one is a very rare event, because they live in areas difficult to reach. There guides, lodges and facilities fishermen tourists in the right portions of the Congo River where the fish lives unprecedented “.
In addition, based on the testimonies fishermen were able to catch him, tiger fish is very difficult to “hanging “.
Often bite the bait, only to spit it instantly. In addition, his jaw bones are very hard to break through even the most sharp and solid hooks. Speaking of this issue, both hooks and fishing wire used to catch tiger fish are made of special materials and alloys to resist tusks and bite force King African waters.
And so, equipped with these special tools, fishermen have found themselves hanging some copies so strong that there have been cases where special wires were simply cut the bites unleash monsters with scales.
Due to the rarity, reputation and their appearance, all fish species tigers have begun to search the world of rare fish collectors in Europe and North America.
In addition to all aspects of fame and înfăţişareasa, Goliath tiger fish is still a living proof of the richness and biodiversity of water in forested heart of Africa.
Unless you have gills, it’s just an expensive burp!
This is part two of an article posted by a retired chemistry college professor concerning the fallacy of Oxygenated Water and other hypes.
Not just for drinking!
Oxygen in your bath
The MicroSilk™ Hydrotherapy site hypes baths and spas featuring a recirculating aeration spout which “saturates the water with billions of oxygen-rich microbubbles, increasing oxygen levels up to 70% higher than common tap water.” Well, so probably can any aerating faucet, but to describe the bubbles as “oxygen rich” is a bit much, given that air is only 20% oxygen. They go on to make the ridiculous claims that
“This luxurious cloud of oxygen blankets your body, energizing skin cells, stimulating the immune system, killing bacteria and promoting healing, reaching where mere water and soaps can’t, entering your pores, bonding to impurities and gently lifting them away, leaving your skin soft and clean in a way you’ve never experienced. MicroSilk™ also creates therapeutic levels of anions, which are known to improve serotonin levels, helping to relax the mind and body, promoting deep sleep, and enhancing recovery from physical exhaustion.”
“Eloptic” water hype
This thankfully now-departed site promoted “Electrically engineered eloptic energized stabilized oxygenated water” (sounds impressive!) which was described as
…an industrial-strength, multi-purpose cleanser that will meet all your personal care and household needs. This God-given, concentrated formula is made from all natural ingredients that will clean, degrease and deodorize anything, from your glass and mirrors, carpet and upholstery and even heavy cleaning such as grease traps and oil spots on the concrete garage floor to your baby’s bottom.
Well, I don’t think I would want to apply something strong enough to remove grease from the garage floor to my bottom, which is admittedly far less soft and supple than that of a baby! Among the ingredients are “ash of dedecyl solution (foaming agent), sea grass (for color) and the anointing of God.”
“Nobody has Enough Hydrogen or 02, Not on this Planet”
This is one of many lies offered up by an outfit that flogs a worthless “oxygen-plus” supplement to the scientifically challenged at $22 per bottle.
The air we breathe formerly contained 50 percent oxygen. But today, we only have about 20 percent in our air and there is even less in large cities. The medical profession has confirmed that most viruses, parasites, bacteria, fungus and pathogens are anaerobic—they CANNOT live in oxygen. If we are not getting enough oxygen, our bodies become fertile breeding grounds for disease.
The “50% oxygen” is of course pure fiction. And yes, many bacteria are anaerobic, but few viruses, parasites and fungi are. And these hucksters fail to mention that O2 is a cellular poison in the wrong locations and the source of those nasty free radicals that are supposed to accelerate aging. But if oxygen supplements can hook the suckers, so can hydrogen, so the fibbing continues:
The purpose of hydrogen is to give structure to the body. What do you get when you bubble hydrogen through vegetable oil? You get margarine! Now, imagine hydrogen without oxygen. Your cells could become like margarine. [link] remember that it is the smallest Critical Element and is capable of passing through the cell wall. In order for our cells to function they m”ust communicate with each other through electrons but electrons can not move in the body without hydrogen. Cells must have oxygen but oxygen does not work without hydrogen. Cells cannot multiply or grow without hydrogen. The very fabric of our being, our DNA, is held together by Hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen is literally the fuel of life. [link]
When we are born we have plenty of Hydrogen but as we age our Hydrogen pool becomes depleted. When this occurs, free radicals steel it from essential areas thus accelerating aging and disease. [link]
The Big Pitcher is a water-oxygenator which is misleadingly claimed to remove chlorine, radon and sulfur, neutralize harmful bacteria, and increase ones energy and metabolism, improve sleep patterns, etc. etc.
In my humble opinion, there are few health-quackery Web sites that contain a higher proportion of false and deceptive statements than those promoting Cellfood:
Cellfood is created by a proprietary nine month process in which these all-natural nutrient-rich plant substances are held in a negatively-charged suspension of deuterium (an isotope of hydrogen).
Deuterium? Well, this stuff is present in water in trace amounts (1 out of every 6500 hydrogen atoms), but the above statement can easily fool the majority of people who don’t know this. And the “negatively-charged” stuff is similar nonsense.
According to one sales site for this classic snake-oil:
[Our product] has the unique ability to disassociate the water molecule into nascent hydrogen and nascent oxygen. This water “splitting” technology enables the release of hydrogen and oxygen gases simultaneously in a chain reaction that involves one five-hundred thousandths of the available moisture at one time. Water “splitting” is achieved by means of shifting and weakening the bonding electrons (ionic transfers) of the water molecule towards oxygen and away from hydrogen. [It] allows the bonds in the electron distribution to be unsymmetrical (polar). [link]
Anyone who has taken even an elementary chemistry course will recognize this as erroneous nonsense. There are the usual unsubstantiated and ridiculous health claims (“aids clear thinking”, “helps to reduce and/or eliminates menopausal hot flashes and night sweats”). The product itself is described as a
“super energized colloidal mineral concentrate. … Di-base, Di-pole Deuterium Sulfate provides an incredible oxygen source and delivery system to the body at the cellular level.”
Deuterium sulfate? Deuterium is the isotope H2 (often given the symbol D) which makes up about 1 out of 10,000 of the hydrogen atoms found in nature. Although extensive research has shown that organisms are unable to survive on heavy water (D2O is well-known to thoroughly gum up most enzymatic reactions), the same sites go on about its supposed benefits, spinning a tale about an inventor/con-artist/imaginary (take your pick!) Everett M. Storey and a ficticious “Deuterium Freedom Act” purportedly passed by the U.S. 99th Congress that confirms deuterium’s ability to “speed up the digestive process”. However, the extensive list of chemicals in CellFood does not mention deuterium, although the list does include such falsely-claimed-to-be-beneficial elements as actinium, gadolinium, neon, technetium (!) and xenon. Another sad case of selling snake-oil to the suckers.
Stable fables: oxidants are actually good for you!
‘Various products referred to as “stabilized” or “aerobic” oxygen are being marketed with claims that they can cure disease by increasing oxygen delivery to the cells. Some claim that “oxygen deficiency” or “oxygen starvation” is an underlying cause of disease and has been increasing because the oxygen content of the earth’s atmosphere has been decreasing and junk food does not contain enough oxygen…’ See the entire article here.
See also this cease-and-desist letter that the U.S. FDA has sent to Aerobic Oxygen USA.
A huge part of the alternative-health-quackery industry is devoted to supplying those free-radical fighters known as antioxidants (Whose benefits as dietary supplements are entirely unproven— but that’s another subject.) But pseudoscience knows no bounds and can be twisted in any direction, so here’s an Idaho company (where else?) that flogs a nostrum they call stabilized oxygen. A thankfully-now-disappeared Web site goes on at great length about the importance of protecting our cells from oxygen deprivation:
Oxygen plays another important role in the body acting as a guardian and protector against unfriendly bacteria and disease organisms. One of oxygen’s major functions is disintegration. Rubble, garbage, toxins, refuse, debris, and anything useless are destroyed by oxygen and carried out of the system. Just as a clean house holds little interest to passing flies, likewise, an oxygen rich body is a difficult fortress to assail.
… all errant nonsense, of course! Anyway, they go on about how their product helps you to enjoy the tremendous benefits of oxygen to the body other than through the breathing process. Oxygen is very difficult to stabilize and until a recent scientific breakthrough, oxygen has not been stabilized in a beneficial non-toxic form.
This flapdoodle overlooks the fact that oxygen is not present in the blood as O2, but is complexed to hemoglobin which controls the amount of oxygen delivered to cells through an exquisitely-evolved feedback mechanism. What these hucksters mean by “stabilizing” the oxygen is not entirely clear. We are told that
Stabilized oxygen is an oxide of chlorides compound stabilized with the richest known source of nascent oxygen with several atoms per molecule. Whatever they mean by “oxide of chlorides compound” could be any number of substances from chlorine dioxide (ClO2) to perchloric acid (HClO4). The first is a poison and the second is explosive, so I presume they have come up with something in between. The term “nascent oxgyen” (see below) usually means free oxygen atoms as opposed to the stable molecule O2 which make up 20% of the air we breathe. But it gets more complicated:
[This product] is a safe, non toxic, stabilized liquid concentrate of electrolytes of oxygen, which are made available to your body, in molecular form, when ingested. … The genius of it is the formulating of the two most abundant and important electrolytes of body fluid, sodium and chlorine, to act as the oxygen carriers. The molecular oxygen is released through the digestive process, and is absorbed into the bloodstream. … In an ordinary glass of tap water there is on the average, 7-12 ppm of oxygen molecules. In Stabilized Oxygen the amount of available oxygen increased to about 12,000 ppm or 1,000 times.
Wow! This appears to be a good description of sodium hypochlorite NaOCl, otherwise known as laundry bleach. Thanks, but I think I’ll pass on this one!
“Nascent” oxygen dietary supplement nonsense
The ordinary oxygen that we breathe is really the molecule”dioxygen”, O2. “Nascent” oxygen (a term not used much by contemporary chemists) refers to plain oxygen atoms. These species normally have only a transient existence before they react with themselves (to produce O2), with water to produce hydrogen peroxide H2O2 (a cellular poison), or with just about any carbon-containing substance around them— such as your body! Any claims that this stuff can posssibly be good for you or that it can somehow “stabilized” are plain lies. Also, any agent capable of generating atomic oxygen (as chemists call it) would do even more damage to the body, so I think claims that any dietary supplements can even produce it are untrue.
None of this appears to stop various outfits from hawking oxygenated snake oils such as the one making claims that their product
is unique in its ability to create nascent (meaning newly-born) oxygen. In biochemical terms ‘nascent’ oxygen refers to the newly born singlet oxygen (O-) that has not yet entered the biochemical reaction. Free radicals (which many biochemists believe are a primary cause of aging and degenerative disease) are positively charged ions of oxygen (O+). Since nascent oxygen molecules are negatively charged, they actually seek out and attract these dangerous free radicals, combining with them to form simple pure stabilized oxygen (O2).
Well, ionized atomic oxygen (O– or O+) does exist in the upper atomosphere, but it would be instant death to any body tissues. And far from being a free radical fighter, any form of the “singlet” oxygen they refer to is either itself a free radical or capable of producing them when it reacts with water or virtually any other cellular component. If you feel comfortable consuming a product from an outfit that exhibits this level of chemical incompetence, be my guest!
Of course they don’t stop there, but go on to evoke even weirder pseudoscience, claiming that the product
will tend to normalize the body’s acid-base balance by delivering its 78 essential minerals as enzymatic cofactors— assisting critical enymatic reactions to proceed optimally.
… which is biochemical hokum, and
Scientists Simeonton, Likhovsky and Bovis estimated that the average human body radiates a life force frequency of 6,500 angstroms— with cancer patients radiating at 1,875 angstroms (the same measurement as for refined white bread). Just one drop of [the product’s] powerful ‘electromagnetic equation’ in 6-8 ounces of water emanates 77,000 units of radiant life energy— bringing a dramatic increase in life force to every cell of the body.
… pure nonsensical fantasy.
But if this is not enough, a product formerly hyped as “Seven-Sided Oxygenated Water” “penetrates into dehydrated structures of the body and breaks apart the ionic bonds of substance or structure that are atypical to the bodies normal function.” This site is a fount of misinformation (for example, that the atmospheric concentration of oxygen has been rapidly decreasing over the last millenium, and that this, and anaerobic conditions in general, promote cancer.) They make the highly dubious claim that their bottled water contains 400-600 ppm of oxygen. And of course it protects the body from infection, helps reduce pain levels, and enhances carbohydrate metabolism, etc. etc. The current product site is not quite as goofy.
Ozonated water and ozone therapy
Ozone, O3, is a gas that it widely used to disinfect municipal water supplies. Being highly unstable, it decomposes into ordinary oxygen by the time the water reaches the consumer. Which is just as well, since ozone is toxic to both plant and animal cells.
But some hucksters don’t seem to know this. One of them tells us that
Ozone is used extensively in medicine in Germany and Cuba by either infusing it or injecting it directly into the blood stream. In medical applications: “It is the aim of ozone-oxygen therapy to stimulate or reactivate oxygen metabolism, without damage to the protecting oxidative enzymes…
Don’t believe this crap! Ozone attacks mucous membranes, destroys enzymes, and gobbles up DNA. Far from preventing cancer, it acts as a carcinogen. The guy behind this is apparently one Robert C. Beck, “D.Sc.”, described here as an “acclaimed physicist” (who, as far as I can see, has no record of scientific publication). This site seems to be associated with a variety of goofy quack treatment methods.
Another site is full of “testimonials” attesting to the miraculous effects of ozone in curing cancer, and yet another promotes a variety of ozone-quackery.
See this QuackWatch page for more about oxygen- and ozone therapy.
Will these “oxygen-infused skin serums bring life and health to the skin”? It’s true that the living tissue beneath the dead epidermal layer requires oxygen which is supplied by diffusion from the blood, and a 2010 article shows that “topical dissolved oxygen” can penetrate skin and may be useful aid to wound healing. But if there is any clinical support for the idea that highly oxygenated waters can benefit ordinary skin, the developers of this “Gas infusion Technology” for supersaturating water with oxygen make no mention of it.
Oxygenating colon cleanser
This misinformation-filled site promotes a magnesium oxide preparation, which they claim will liquify all that solid gunge that is supposed to be clogging your intestines. Well, by the time magnesium oxide has passed through the stomach, it becomes magnesium chloride which acts as a mild laxative. To add to the hype, they claim that the product releases “monatomic oxygen” into the intestinal tract. It is just as well that this claim is almost certainly false, since atomic oxygen is a known carcinogen.
By using Oxy-Powder, you can melt away or oxidize the compaction from the small intestine, large intestine and colon safe and effectively. Organic Germanium-132 has demonstrated in multiple scientific studies to be a powerful oxygen facilitator and immune system stimulant. Oxy-Powder is also harmless to the good bacteria in the intestinal tract.
The stuff about Germanium-132 introduces another favorite food-fad that the FDA is beginning to crack down on because of fears of Germanium poisoning; there is no credible scientific evidence that it has any benefit.
Article posted by Stephen Lower, Retired faculty member of Simon Fraiser University, Vancouver Canada.